Reasons People Get Lost.
- Little or no knowledge of land navigation.
- Do not know how to relate the ground to the map.
- Do not have a compass, or do not know how to use one.
- Only have a GPS, but no spare batteries.
- Only using the mapping on a mobile phone and the battery goes flat or they lose the signal, and have no other means to navigate.
- Bad weather.
- Night or bad visibility.
Things That Should Be Considered.
- Time your distance: Understanding how far you have travelled and when you are supposed to reach the next visible reference point, should warn you of when you are on the wrong route.
- Check your position: When you come across an easily recognisable feature in the terrain. Check you position on the map to confirm this. This method is known as collecting features.
- Uphill and Downhill: Are you presently walking uphill or down hill? Look at the map and check if the terrain corresponds with the map.
- Water: Remember water flows downhill (assuming that the laws of gravity have not been repealed). On the map the source of the water will be onthe highest ground.
- Stop, sit down, collect your thoughts, if you have one have a brew.
- GPS, if you have got one check your position.
- Take stock of the information you have. Where were you last sure of your position.
- How far have you waked since then.
- Look for recognisable features you can locate on the map.
- Calculate speed time and distance from your last known position.
- Carry out resection.
- Take a back bearing and go back to your last known position.
What Not To Do
CALL THE EMERGENCY SERVICES JUST BECAUSE YOU ARE COLD, WET AND HUNGARY AND YOU WANT TO GO HOME
IT HAS HAPPENED BEFORE
The emergency signal consists of six whistle blasts over one minute, anyone who hears and recognises the signal he or she should answer with 3 whistle blasts.
At night the same procedure can be carried out with a torch or a combination of both.